CRITICAL THINKING AND CRITICAL REASONING

Thinking critically is the ability to analyze a concept objectively, considering the facts and differing perspectives to reach a sound, logical conclusion. The reason critical thinking is a skill—and not just an automatic thought process—is because most people naturally think “uncritically,” making decisions based on personal biases, self-interest, or irrational emotions. Everyone is vulnerable to this type of simplistic thinking—it’s human nature. However, there are ways to improve your thought process to be more intentional about thinking critically.

Developing your critical thinking skills will help you become a valued member of any team—at work, at school, or anywhere that solid decision-making skills are needed.

Some ways to improve your critical thinking skills:

  • Know your biases and try to look past them
  • Ask questions and gather information
  • Evaluate the facts of the situation and all available data
  • Collaborate and get feedback from others—especially people with different backgrounds to your own
  • Generate possible solutions, particularly out-of-the-box ideas
  • Consider the short- and long-term consequences of implementing each solution

Employers value workers who know how to think critically. Critical thinkers bring creative solutions to the table and help businesses to innovate and remain competitive. Critical thinking examples exist in every part of the workplace, from the corporate executive offices to the sales floor. Whether you’re the boss or an intern, knowing how to think critically gives you the power to make positive contributions to the company.

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